Andrew Barron "Andy" Murray OBE is a Scottish professional tennis player, three-time Grand Slam champion, two-time Olympic champion and Davis Cup champion. He is the only tennis player, male or female, to have won two Olympic singles titles.
He started playing tennis at the age of three, entered his first competitive tournament at age five and was playing league tennis by the time he was eight. He has reached at least the quarter-finals of all Grand Slam tournaments he has participated in since 2011, with the exception of the 2015 US Open. When he was 15, he moved to Barcelona to train at the Sánchez-Casal Academy. He won the junior US Open in 2004 and turned professional the following year. Murray has been ranked in top 10 and who has been ranked as British No. 1 since 27 February 2006. He achieved a top-10 ranking by the ATP for the first time on 16 April 2007, and reached a career peak of World No. 2 from 17 August 2009 to 13 September 2009, then again from 1 April 2013 to 21 April 2013 and 13 May 2013 to 18 August 2013 as well as from August 17, 2016.
He won Wimbledon Championships singles title first time in 2013, and then was crowned as the 2012 Olympic tennis men's singles champion. In 2013, Murray became the sixth man in tennis history to have won over $30 million in career prize money.
At the 2012 US Open, Murray became the first British player since 1977, and the first British man since 1936, to win a Grand Slam singles tournament, when he defeated Novak Djokovic in five sets. This title made him the only British male to become a Grand Slam singles champion during the Open Era. On 7 July 2013, Murray won the 2013 Wimbledon Championships, becoming the first British man to do so since Fred Perry, 77 years previously. He again beat Djokovic in the final, this time in straight sets. As a result of his Wimbledon win, Murray was voted the BBC Sports Personality of the Year in December 2013. Following his 11 match wins enabling Great Britain to win the Davis Cup, Murray was voted the 2015 BBC Sports Personality of the Year, while the Davis Cup team won the 2015 BBC Sports Personality Team of the Year Award.
Four weeks after losing his first Wimbledon final to Roger Federer, Murray faced the Swiss again at the 2012 Olympic Games, defeating him in straight sets to win the gold medal in the men's singles final, becoming the first British singles champion in over 100 years. He also won a silver medal in the mixed doubles, playing with Laura Robson. Murray is the only man in history to have won Olympic Gold and the US Open in the same calendar year, as well as only the third man to hold the Gold Medal and two majors on different surfaces (after Andre Agassi and Rafael Nadal).
He has been the runner-up in eight other singles Grand Slam finals: the 2008 US Open, the 2010, 2011, 2013, 2015 and 2016 Australian Open, the 2012 Wimbledon Championships and the 2016 French Open, losing three times to Roger Federer and five times to Novak Djokovic. He is the first man in the open era to achieve five runner-up finishes at the Australian Open, after losing to Djokovic in the final of the 2016 Australian Open. In 2011, Murray became only the seventh player in the Open Era to reach the semi finals of all four Grand Slam tournaments in one year. After reaching the French Open semifinal in 2014 he became the tenth man to reach two or more semifinals at each of the four Majors. During the 2015 season, he became the fifth man in tennis history to have won over $40 million in career prize money. After reaching the final of the 2016 French Open, Murray became the tenth player in the Open Era to reach the final of all four Grand Slam events and joint twelfth on the list for finals reached. He is only the second British player (after Fred Perry) of either sex to have reached the final of all four majors.
Murray also featured in Great Britain's Davis Cup winning team in 2015, winning 11 matches (8 singles and 3 doubles) as they secured their first Davis Cup title since 1936.
Murray defeated Raonic in straight sets to win his second Wimbledon title and third Major title overall in 2016. Then he played at the Rio Olympic Games. He became the first player to win two gold medals in the tennis singles events by defeating Juan Martin del Potro in the final, which lasted over four hours.
Murray was born to Judith (Erskine) and William Murray in Glasgow, Scotland. His maternal grandfather, Roy Erskine, was a professional footballer in the late 1950s. Murray's brother, Jamie, is also a professional tennis player, playing on the doubles circuit. Murray attended Dunblane Primary School, and was present during the 1996 Dunblane school massacre, when Thomas Hamilton killed 16 children and a teacher before shooting himself; Murray took cover in a classroom. Murray says he was too young to understand what was happening and is reluctant to talk about it in interviews, but in his autobiography "Hitting Back" he states that he attended a youth group run by Hamilton, and that his mother gave Hamilton lifts in her car.
Murray later attended Dunblane High School. At 15, he was asked to train with Rangers Football Club at their School of Excellence, but declined, opting to focus on his tennis career instead. He then decided to move to Barcelona, Spain. There he studied at the Schiller International School and trained on the clay courts of the Sánchez-Casal Academy. Murray described this time as "a big sacrifice". While in Spain, he trained with Emilio Sánchez, formerly the world no. 1 doubles player.
Murray was born with a bipartite patella, where the kneecap remains as two separate bones instead of fusing together in early childhood. He was diagnosed at the age of 16 and is seen frequently to hold his knee due to the pain caused by the condition and has pulled out of events because of it.
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