General Frederick John (Fred)
Perry
Male
England
1909-05-18
Stockport, Great Britain
1995-02-02
Melbourne, Australia


About

rederick John Perry (18 May 1909 – 2 February 1995) was a British tennis and table tennis player and former World No. 1 from England who won 10 Majors including eight Grand Slams and two Pro Slams single titles, as well as six Major doubles titles. Perry won three consecutive Wimbledon Championships from 1934 to 1936 and was World Amateur number one tennis player during those three years. Prior to Andy Murray in 2013, Perry was the last British player to win the men's Wimbledon championship, in 1936,[4] and the last British player to win a men's singles Grand Slam title, until Andy Murray won the 2012 US Open.

Perry was the first player to win a "Career Grand Slam", winning all four singles titles, which he completed at the age of 26 at the 1935 French Open. He remains the only British player ever to achieve this.[5] Perry's first love was table tennis and he was World Champion in 1929. He began playing tennis aged 14 and his tennis career at 21, when in 1930 an LTA committee chose him to join a four-man team to tour the United States.[5]

In 1933, Perry helped lead the Great Britain team to victory over France in the Davis Cup; the team's first success since 1912, followed by wins over the United States in 1934, 1935, and a fourth consecutive title with victory over Australia in 1936.[5] But due to his disillusionment with the class-conscious nature of the Lawn Tennis Club of Great Britain, the working-class Perry turned professional at the end of the 1936 season and moved to the United States where he became a naturalised US citizen in 1938. In 1942, he was drafted into the US Army Air Force during the Second World War.[6]

Despite his unprecedented contribution to British tennis, Perry was not accorded full recognition by tennis authorities until later in life because between 1927 and 1967, the International Lawn Tennis Federation, ignored amateur champions who later turned professional.[4][7] In 1984, a statue of Perry was unveiled at Wimbledon, and in the same year he became the only tennis player listed in a survey of 2,000 Britons to find the "Best of the Best" British sportsmen of the 20th century.[7]
Perry was born in Stockport, in 1909 where his father, Samuel Perry (1877–1954), was a cotton spinner.[8] For the first decade of his life, he also lived in Bolton, Lancashire, and Wallasey, Cheshire, because his father was involved in local politics. When living in Wallasey he attended Liscard Primary School and Wallasey Grammar School. Perry moved to Brentham Garden Suburb in Ealing, west London aged eleven years when his father became the national secretary of the Co-operative Party after World War I.[8] His father became the Labour and Co-operative Party Member of Parliament for Kettering in 1929.

Perry first began to play tennis on the public courts near his family's housing estate.[8] He was educated at Ealing Grammar School for Boys.

In 1928–29 Perry won several medals in the single, double and team events in the World Table Tennis Championships.[9] He had exceptional speed and played with the Shakehand style, attacking the ball low and on the rise.

Along with the US, French and Australian Amateur championships, Perry won the Wimbledon men's title three times in succession between 1934 and 1936. His final triumph was a 6–1, 6–1, 6–0 victory over the German Baron Gottfried von Cramm which lasted less than 45 minutes. It became the quickest final in the 20th century and the second shortest of all time. Perry had been able to pick up the information from the Wimbledon masseur that von Cramm had been treated for a groin strain and was as a result having difficulty moving wide on the forehand.[10] During his amateur playing career he trained with Arsenal football club to focus on his fitness.[1]


Fred Perry (right) with Pat Hughes at White City in Sydney, Australia in 1934
Perry's success attracted the adoration of the crowds at Wimbledon particularly as he contrasted sharply with the privileged background of most patrons and players associated with the All England Club at the time. The upper echelons of the British tennis establishment greeted his success more coolly, regarding him as an "upstart". After winning his maiden Wimbledon title, Perry recalled overhearing a Wimbledon committee member remark that "the best man didn't win." His All England Club member's tie, awarded to all winners of the Championships, was left for him on a chair in his dressing room.[11]

After three years as the world No. 1 tennis amateur player, Perry turned professional in late 1936. This led to his being virtually ostracised by the British tennis establishment.[8] He made his professional debut on 6 January 1937 at the Madison Square Garden against the best professional player, Ellsworth Vines, winning in four sets.[12][13] For the next two years he played lengthy tours against Vines. In 1937, they played 61 matches in the United States on their big tour, with Vines winning 32 and Perry 29. They then sailed to Britain, where they played a brief tour. Perry won six matches out of nine, so they finished the year tied at 35 victories each. The following year, 1938, the big tour was even longer, and this time Vines beat Perry 49 matches to 35, while a short tour of the Caribbean and Central and South America ended at four victories a piece. Don Budge won the Grand Slam in 1938 as an amateur and then turned professional and played a series of matches against both Vines and Perry in 1939, beating Vines 22 times to 17, and beating Perry by 28 victories to 8.[14][15][16]

Perry also won the US Pro title in 1938 and 1941, held in Chicago in both those years.




Media


Archive statistics 1929 - 1959
50
399
324


Tournament wins 1953 - European Professionals Championships (Professional)
1951 - Slazenger Professional (Professional)
1950 - Slazenger Professional (Professional)
1948 - Slazenger Professional (Professional)
1947 - White Mountain Pro Championship (Professional)
1946 - Tucson Pro Indoors (Professional)
1946 - Palm Springs Pro Championships (Professional)
1946 - Missouri Valley Pro (Professional)
1946 - Border Pro Championships (Professional)
1941 - White Sulphur Springs Open (Amateur)
1941 - North and South Professional Tournament (Professional)
1941 - US Pro Championships (Professional)
1938 - US Pro Championships (Professional)
1936 - Czechoslovakian International Championships (Open)
1936 - Cannes Championships (Open)
1936 - Cannes Club Tournament (Amateur)
1936 - Wimbledon (Grandslam)
1936 - Cannes Championships 2nd Meeting (Amateur)
1936 - US Open (Grandslam)
1935 - Roland Garros (Grandslam)
1935 - Wimbledon (Grandslam)
1935 - Belgian International Championships ()
1935 - British Hard Court Championships (Open)
1934 - New Zealand Championships (Amateur)
1934 - Pacific Coast Championship (Amateur)
1934 - US Open (Grandslam)
1934 - British Hard Court Championships (Open)
1934 - Wimbledon (Grandslam)
1934 - Pacific Southwest Championships (Open)
1934 - Australian Open (Grandslam)
1933 - British Hard Court Championships (Open)
1933 - Victorian Championships (Amateur)
1933 - Pacific Southwest Championships (Open)
1933 - US Open (Grandslam)
1932 - Tournoi du TC Flandres (Amateur)
1932 - Pacific Southwest Championships (Open)
1932 - Herga Club (Amateur)
1932 - Harrogate (Amateur)
1932 - British Hard Court Championships (Open)
1932 - Tally Ho! (Open)
1932 - Bermuda Championships (Amateur)
1932 - Kingston International Invitation (Amateur)
1932 - Pacific Coast Championship (Amateur)
1931 - Cromer Covered Courts Autumn Meeting (Amateur)
1931 - Paddington (Amateur)
1931 - Coupe de Noel (Amateur)
1931 - Eastern Grass Court Championships (Amateur)
1930 - Argentina International Championships (Open)
1930 - Middlesex Championships (Amateur)
1929 - Queen's Evening Tournament (Amateur)


Tournaments World Professional Tournament - 1959 World Professional Tournament - 1958 Slazenger Professional - 1956 World Professional Tournament - 1955 Ostend Professional Round Robin - 1955 Florida Professional - 1954 Slazenger Professional - 1954 Florida Professional - 1953 European Professionals Championships - 1953 Slazenger Professional - 1951 Slazenger Professional - 1950 Slazenger Professional - 1949 Slazenger Professional - 1948 US Pro Championships - 1947 US Pro Indoors - 1947 Middle States Pro Grass Courts - 1947 White Mountain Pro Championship - 1947 US Pro Championships - 1946 Richmond Professional Tournament - 1946 California Professional Championships - 1946 Southern Professionals - 1946 Desert Pro Championships - 1946 Tucson Pro Indoors - 1946 Pasadena Pro Championships - 1946 Missouri Valley Pro - 1946 Southwestern Pro Indoors - 1946 Southern California State Pro Championships - 1946 Palm Springs Pro Championships - 1946 Border Pro Championships - 1946 Witchita Falls Pro - 1946 Texas Pro Championships - 1946 Tennessee State Pro Championships - 1946 New England Pro Championships - 1946 Middle States Pro Grass Courts - 1946 Indiana State Pros - 1946 Phoenix Professional - 1946 Miami Gold Cup - 1946 Pittsburgh Masters Pro - 1946 Santa Barbara Pro Invitational - 1946 US Pro Hardcourts - 1945 US Pro Championships - 1941 White Sulphur Springs Open - 1941 North and South Professional Tournament - 1941 US Pro Championships - 1940 Southeastern Professional - 1940 US Pro Championships - 1939 US Pro Championships - 1938 Wimbledon - 1936 Roland Garros - 1936 US Open - 1936 Cannes Championships - 1936 Pacific Southwest Championships - 1936 Cannes Championships 2nd Meeting - 1936 Cannes Club Tournament - 1936 Czechoslovakian International Championships - 1936 International Club Matches - FRA - 1936 Australian Open - 1935 Wimbledon - 1935 Roland Garros - 1935 US Open - 1935 New South Wales Championships - 1935 British Hard Court Championships - 1935 Belgian International Championships - 1935 Australian Open - 1934 Wimbledon - 1934 Roland Garros - 1934 US Open - 1934 Victorian Championships - 1934 New South Wales Championships - 1934 New Zealand Championships - 1934 Pacific Coast Championship - 1934 Pacific Southwest Championships - 1934 British Hard Court Championships - 1934 Great Britain vs. Australia Test Match 4 - 1934 Wimbledon - 1933 Roland Garros - 1933 US Open - 1933 Victorian Championships - 1933 Pacific Southwest Championships - 1933 British Hard Court Championships - 1933 Great Britain vs. Australia Test Match 1 - 1933 Great Britain vs. Australia Test Match 2 - 1933 Great Britain vs. Australia Test Match 3 - 1933 Wimbledon - 1932 Roland Garros - 1932 US Open - 1932 Bermuda Championships - 1932 Newport Casino Tournament - 1932 Pacific Coast Championship - 1932 Pacific Southwest Championships - 1932 British Hard Court Championships - 1932 Herga Club - 1932 Kingston International Invitation - 1932 Tournoi du TC Flandres - 1932 Harrogate - 1932 Tally Ho! - 1932 Wimbledon - 1931 Roland Garros - 1931 US Open - 1931 Coupe de Noel - 1931 Newport Casino Tournament - 1931 Pacific Coast Championship - 1931 Eastern Grass Court Championships - 1931 Pacific Southwest Championships - 1931 British Hard Court Championships - 1931 Paddington - 1931 Cromer Covered Courts Autumn Meeting - 1931 Queens Club Hard Courts - 1931 Wimbledon - 1930 US Open - 1930 Newport Casino Tournament - 1930 Eastern Grass Court Championships - 1930 Argentina International Championships - 1930 Surrey Championships - 1930 Middlesex Championships - 1930 Norwich - 1930 Ealing West Side Country Club - 1930 Northwick Hardcourts - 1930 Wimbledon - 1929 Queen's Evening Tournament - 1929

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