General Adam
Baworowski
Male
Austria
1913-08-09
Wien, Austria
1943-00-00
Stalingrad, USSR


About

Count Adam Baworowski descended from the Polish noble family Baworowski. He was the son of Count Rudolf Baworowski and Austrian Countess Maria Chorynsky the former who was the Chamberlain of Franz Joseph I of Austria and had estates in Lviv and where Adam often spent his childhood years.[1][2] He had three brothers and three sisters, Emil, Stefan, Rudolf, Matylda, Marya and Franciszka.[3] He went to school in Vienna and as the family spoke German at home Adam was alienated from his Polish roots in the beginning.[2]

He started playing tennis at a very early age and started taking coaching lessons from the Van Dycków brothers. He attended the tennis club at the Prater where he had a chance to meet Georg von Metaxa, his later Davis Cup teammate and friend.[2] In 1927 he had a victory over Henner Henkel at the Youth Games. In 1929 at the age of 13 he already defeated then-Polish champion Maximilian Stolarow.[4] In 1931, he won the Austrian junior tennis championships as well as the international junior championships of Berlin in singles and doubles.[2] He was ranked tenth on the Austrian rankings.[5] The next year he was classified fifth.[6] While in 1934 he climbed to number four on the same list.[5] In 1935 he won the national singles and doubles championships and drew attention with back to back straight victories against famed players Franz Wilhelm Matejka and Hermann Artens to be crowned champion.[5][2] Subsequently he rose to the second place after Matejka.[7] Later he became member of the Wiener Park Club.[8].He was first drafted into the Austrian Davis Cup troupe in 1933 only for the doubles rubber teaming with Herbert Kinzl with whom he reached the doubles finals of the Sheffield tournament later that year.[9] He played again in the Cup in 1936 along with Georg von Metaxa and reached the semifinals of the European zone.[2] He won the Austrian Championships in the same year. He twice won the International Polish Championship of Warsaw in the doubles partnering Pat Hughes in 1933 and Hans Redl in 1937. [2] He was twice finalist in Budapest in 1935 and 1937.[8][10] In 1937 he still held the second spot on the Austrian rankings next to von Metaxa.[11]

In 1936 he won the Capri tournament meeting Jacques Jamain in the championship match. He also won the mixed doubles with Toto Zehden.[12] In January 1937 he lost the doubles final in Saint Moritz, playing with von Metaxa, to Frenchmen Christian Boussus and Paul Féret.[13] In March he lost the Nice title to Kho Sin-Kie in straight sets. At the same tournament he reached the double final as well with von Metaxa.[14] In April he clinched the Monegasque Championships by beating Marcel Bernard in a five set match. He also took the doubles title with von Metaxa defeating Daniel Prenn and Vladimir Landau.[15] In March 1938 he was victorious at the Cannes L.T.C. tournament where he eliminated Swedish champion Karl Schroeder. Schroeder took revenge in the doubles final where he teamed up with seasoned player Jacques Brugnon of the Four Musketeers to stop the Baworowski-von Metaxa duo in a five set match.[16]

At the French Championships, Baworowski reached the fourth round in 1937 and 1938. At Wimbledon, he lost his initial match on three occasions (1933, 1936, 1939). After the \"Anschluss\", the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany, in March 1938, Baworowski decided to join the Polish Davis Cup team as he didn\'t want to lose his family\'s estates in Poland.[2]

Upon arrival in Poland he gave a few interviews, condemning the \"Anschluss\" and the policy of the Nazi authorities. His statements were widely covered in the Western media. He joined the Legia Warsaw and on 3 May 1938 he participated in a friendly match between Poland and Germany, and a few days later played in a match in a Legia Warsaw-Stockholm meeting. He quickly moved up to second place on the list of Polish Tennis Association right behind Ignacy T?oczy?ski. He was victorious again in the doubles at the Katowice tournament partnering T?oczy?ski and the duo represented Poland in the Central European Cup and claimed the trophy after beating Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia.[2]

The last peaceful season in 1939 kicked off well for him. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs sponsored Baworowski French Riviera tour and it paid off well. At Cannes he was only beaten in the final by Yvon Petra. In Juan-les-Pins he proved to be unstoppable and defeated Robert Abdesselam for the title and carried on this streak at Nice through the final against Antoine Gentien. After this great season opener he suffered injury, which affected his Davis Cup tie against Germany and in the French Championships. However he was a doubles semifinalist along with Ignacy T?oczy?ski at Roland Garros. Despite his bad shape he still secured the Polish National Doubles championship alongside T?oczy?ski.[2]
At the outbreak of World War II, after returning from Monaco with a silver medal of the 1939 International University Games Baworowski was residing in Paris where his family lived. When he heard about the outbreak of the war he was determined to join the Polish army although his parents begged him to stay. When he arrived to the East Railway Station of Warsaw, The German Luftwaffe was already bombarding the area. The passengers fled from the trains to nearby trenches. Apparently he was successfully enlisted.[2] The next time he met his cousin Eugene Paul Baworowski in the streets of Warsaw in the first days of occupation he was about to get in touch with the Polish Resistance. As the 6 September 1939 decree issued by the Wehrmacht command pursued every Polish citizen who reached the military age to be sent to a POW camp the Gestapo soon arrested and sent him to a camp. Only his ties to the Chorynsky noble family and to the former Austrian Tennis Federation saved him from further reprisals.[2]

In 1941, he took part in the German war championships at Braunschweig and reached the final which he lost to Kurt Gies in five sets.[17] He was practising in the Rot-Weiss Tennis Club of Berlin. He further represented Germany in the Danube Cup, which was a wartime substitute for the Central European Cup. Baworowski later joined the German Wehrmacht and was killed in action in the beginning of 1943 during the Battle of Stalingrad.[2] He served as a Hauptmann. On December 21, 1942 when the Luftwaffe evacuated his troops he ceded his place on the last flight to a heavily injured soldier and decided to stay in the trenches with his subordinates. He was hit by the Soviets and died in agony without receiving any medical help. [18]



Media


Archive statistics 1931 - 1941
16
199
136


Tournament wins 1939 - Cannes Championships (Open)
1939 - Nice (Grand Prix Circuit)
1939 - Juan-Les-Pins (Amateur)
1938 - Sopot (Amateur)
1938 - Côte d'Azur Championships (Amateur)
1937 - Graz (Amateur)
1937 - Cannes Championships (Open)
1937 - Monte Carlo Easter Tournament (Amateur)
1936 - Austrian International Championships (Grand Prix Circuit)
1936 - Bastad (Open)
1936 - Capri (Amateur)
1935 - Austrian National Championships ()
1934 - St. Moritz Suvretta (Amateur)
1934 - Flims (Amateur)
1933 - Breslau (Amateur)
1932 - Hietzinger Tennisvereinigung (Amateur)


Tournaments German National Championships - 1941 Wimbledon - 1939 Monte Carlo - 1939 Roland Garros - 1939 Cannes Championships - 1939 Côte d'Azur Championships - 1939 Nice - 1939 Juan-Les-Pins - 1939 Polish International Championships - 1939 Polish National Championships - 1939 Roland Garros - 1938 Côte d'Azur Championships - 1938 Riviera Championships - 1938 Venezia (Venice International Tournament) - 1938 German International Championships - 1938 Sopot - 1938 Monte Carlo - 1937 Roland Garros - 1937 Austrian International Championships - 1937 Cannes Championships - 1937 Côte d'Azur Championships - 1937 Riviera Championships - 1937 Nice - 1937 German International Championships - 1937 Merano - 1937 Hungarian International Championships - 1937 Polish International Championships - 1937 Graz - 1937 Pörtschach Championships - 1937 Austrian National Championships - 1937 Varese - 1937 St. Moritz Covered Courts - 1937 Monte Carlo Easter Tournament - 1937 Weisser Hirsch Championships - 1937 Salzburg championships - 1937 Wimbledon - 1936 Roland Garros - 1936 Austrian International Championships - 1936 Irish Championships - 1936 Capri - 1936 Venezia (Venice International Tournament) - 1936 All India Championships - 1936 Merano - 1936 Western India Championships - 1936 Baden-Baden - 1936 Bastad - 1936 Pörtschach Championships - 1936 Varese - 1936 United Provinces Tournament - 1936 Roland Garros - 1935 Italian International Championships - 1935 Netherlands International Championships - 1935 Cairo Championships - 1935 Zürich Baur du Lac LTC - 1935 Napoli - 1935 Austrian National Championships - 1935 Swiss International Championships - 1934 Austrian International Championships - 1934 Venezia (Venice International Tournament) - 1934 Merano - 1934 Flims - 1934 St. Moritz Suvretta - 1934 Engadine Championships - 1934 Wimbledon - 1933 Austrian International Championships - 1933 Merano - 1933 Polish International Championships - 1933 Breslau - 1933 Austrian International Championships - 1932 Hungarian International Championships - 1932 Pörtschach Championships - 1932 Budapest Championship - 1932 Austrian National Championships - 1932 Tyrol Championships - 1932 Velden am Wörther See - 1932 Hietzinger Tennisvereinigung - 1932 Polish International Championships - 1931 Linz - 1931 Velden am Wörther See - 1931

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