General Charles Robert (Chuck)
McKinley Jr.
Male
United States of America
1941-01-05
St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America
1986-08-11
Dallas, Texas, United States of America


About

Chuck was an American former World No. 1 men's amateur tennis champion of the 1960s. He is remembered as an undersized, hard working dynamo, whose relentless effort and competitive spirit led American tennis to the top of the sport during a period heavily dominated by Australians. One of an elite cast of men to win the Wimbledon singles title without the loss of a set, McKinley was a competitor of exhilarating verve and audacity who would not shy away from diving for volleys or attempting to retrieve balls that were seemingly well out of reach. Because he gave so much of himself in his matches and displayed such brio on the biggest stages of the sport, McKinley was clearly among the most charismatic players of the early 1960s.

McKinley won the 1963 Men's Singles Championship at Wimbledon, and as a result was ranked World No. 1 by some journalists. He paired with his college rival, Dennis Ralston, to win the 1963 Davis Cup, the only interruption in eight unbroken years of Australian dominance. He also paired with Ralston to win the U.S. Men's Doubles championships three times, in 1961, 1963, and 1964.

McKinley was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of a local pipe fitter, and grew up in a "rough neighborhood" on the north side of town. As a boy, McKinley used to drop by the local YMCA where he was taught table tennis by volunteer instructor Bill Price. Eventually Price, who was also a tennis professional, took McKinley and some of the other boys to the public tennis courts. McKinley soon became so good that Price advised him to quit all other sports and concentrate on tennis.

McKinley was small for a tennis player, as a grown man he stood only 5’ 8” tall and weighed 160 pounds. But unlike Bobby Riggs, the "Junk Champion", and other short men of the era, McKinley did not use off speed shots but relied instead on a power game. He was able to do this because of an all-round athletic ability that would have allowed him to star in almost any sport. To succeed at tennis McKinley combined this athleticism with an all out style of play and an unquenchable desire to win.
According to a contemporary Sports Illustrated article, “Not in years has an American fledgling combined so much box-office appeal with so much pure ability – or crashed the tight little world of big-time tennis with so much confidence.
'If I didn't think I could be the best tennis player in the world,' Chuck McKinley says, 'I don't think I'd want to play.'"
Bill Talbert, a former U.S. doubles champion described the young McKinley by saying, "There is nothing he can't do on the court. He has all the strokes. He's fast. He's strong. He has marvelous reflexes. He has the eyes of a hawk—sees the ball as well as anyone in the game."

In 1960 McKinley enrolled at Trinity University where he joined another leading American player, Frank Froehling, under the tutelage of coach Clarence Mabry, who also coached John Newcombe and other professionals. This gave Trinity arguably the best collegiate men's tennis team in America. However, during this period Trinity never won the NCAA championship because the NCAA scheduled the championship tournament opposite Wimbledon, and both McKinley and Froehling chose to participate in Wimbledon rather than the collegiate tournament. (Trinity would win the NCAA Division I championship of men’s tennis in 1972 with Dick Stockton as captain.)

McKinley’s decision to play Wimbledon was justified when in 1961, as a college sophomore, he reached the Wimbledon Men's Singles Finals. In the finals, however, he was defeated by Rod Laver, arguably the best player of all time, in straight sets. He would also win the U.S. Men's Clay Court Championships in 1962 and 1963.

His intense desire to win, his habit of screaming, "Oh Charley, you missed that one," at himself after a bad shot, and the fact that he drew a four-month suspension for heaving his tennis racket into the crowd at a Davis Cup match, gave him the reputation of the, "bad boy of international tennis."

But McKinley refused to be defeated. In 1963, with Laver safely in the professional ranks, McKinley won Wimbledon without losing a set. He was helped in this by the fact that favorite Roy Emerson was eliminated by little known German, Wilhelm Bungert. After McKinley eliminated Bungert the press asked the German if he had been tired.
“I was tired,” said Bungert, "Tired from those five set matches earlier. And tired from watching McKinley run."
According to Time Magazine, McKinley played the tournament, "with an astounding lack of grace. He leaps, he lunges, he scrambles, he slides, he falls, he dives, he skins his elbows and knees, and he flails at the ball as if he were clubbing a rat. His nerves are as taut as the strings of his racket." In the finals McKinley met big server Fred Stolle who had beaten McKinley four out of six previous meetings. But when Stolle tried to blow McKinley off the court this time,
"He knocked it down my throat," groaned Stolle. "In the end, I didn't know where to serve or what he was going to do."

In December 1963 McKinley and Dennis Ralston, who was both McKinley's rival, as captain of the University of Southern California tennis team, and his doubles partner at the U.S. Championships, played all of the matches for the U.S. in winning the Davis Cup from Australia. The Australians had not lost the cup for four years and would not relinquish it again for another four. In the decisive match McKinley defeated a young John Newcombe.

After graduation from Trinity, McKinley elected not to go into professional tennis and became a stockbroker in New York City.
He died in Dallas, Texas in 1986 of a brain tumor at the age of 45.

McKinley has been elected to the Trinity University Hall of Fame.

He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1986.



Media


Archive statistics 1956 - 1971
28
485
358


Tournament wins 1966 - Richmond Indoor Championships (WCT Circuit)
1966 - Atlanta Invitation Tournament (Open)
1965 - Southampton Invitation (Long Island) (Amateur)
1965 - Thunderbird Invitation (Amateur)
1965 - Atlanta Invitation Tournament (Open)
1964 - US International Indoor Championships (Amateur)
1964 - Philadelphia Indoors (Open)
1964 - Tulsa Invitation (Open)
1964 - West of England Championships (Amateur)
1964 - Nassau Bowl (Amateur)
1964 - Newport Casino Tournament (Amateur)
1964 - Midland Invitation (Open)
1964 - Argentina International Championships (Open)
1963 - Israel Autumn International Invitation (Open)
1963 - Fort Worth (Open)
1963 - US Clay Courts (Open)
1963 - Wimbledon (Grandslam)
1963 - Middle Atlantic Indoors (Amateur)
1963 - Pennsylvania Lawn Tennis Championship (Open)
1962 - Sugar Bowl (Open)
1962 - US International Indoor Championships (Amateur)
1962 - US Clay Courts (Open)
1962 - Newport Casino Tournament (Amateur)
1961 - Tuscaloosa Grass Court Invitation (Amateur)
1961 - West of England Championships (Amateur)
1961 - Eastern Grass Court Championships (Amateur)
1960 - Triple A (Amateur)
1960 - Pittsburgh Indoor (Amateur)


Tournaments Hamilton Indoor Invitation - 1971 US Open - 1969 Buffalo Indoor - 1969 Northwestern Invitation - 1969 US Open - 1968 US International Indoor Championships - 1968 New York Indoor Invitation - 1968 New York Indoor - 1968 Long Island Indoor - 1968 Glenwood Manor Invitation - 1968 New York International - 1968 US Open - 1967 Nassau Bowl - 1967 Richmond Indoor Championships - 1967 Buffalo Indoor - 1967 New York Indoor - 1967 Long Island Indoor - 1967 Concord indoor invitation - 1967 San Antonio Invitation - 1967 Detroit Invitation - 1967 US Open - 1966 Nassau Bowl - 1966 Atlanta Invitation Tournament - 1966 Triple A - 1966 Richmond Indoor Championships - 1966 Buffalo Indoor - 1966 Tulsa Invitation - 1966 Dallas Indoor Invitation - 1966 US Open - 1965 California State Championship - 1965 Nassau Bowl - 1965 US International Indoor Championships - 1965 Atlanta Invitation Tournament - 1965 Southampton Invitation (Long Island) - 1965 Thunderbird Invitation - 1965 Charlotte - 1965 Dallas Invitation - 1965 San Antonio Invitation - 1965 Midland Invitation - 1965 Fort Worth - 1965 Philadelphia Indoors - 1965 Detroit Invitation - 1965 Dallas Indoor Invitation - 1965 Wimbledon - 1964 US Open - 1964 Swiss International Championships - 1964 Nassau Bowl - 1964 Newport Casino Tournament - 1964 US Clay Courts - 1964 Pacific Southwest Championships - 1964 US International Indoor Championships - 1964 River Oaks Tournament - 1964 Argentina International Championships - 1964 West of England Championships - 1964 Pennsylvania Lawn Tennis Championship - 1964 Thunderbird Invitation - 1964 Tulsa Invitation - 1964 Dallas Invitation - 1964 Midland Invitation - 1964 Philadelphia Indoors - 1964 Dallas Indoor Invitation - 1964 Tucson Racquet Club Invitation - 1964 Wimbledon - 1963 US Open - 1963 New South Wales Championships - 1963 US Clay Courts - 1963 US International Indoor Championships - 1963 River Oaks Tournament - 1963 West of England Championships - 1963 Sicilian International Championships - 1963 Pennsylvania Lawn Tennis Championship - 1963 Thunderbird Invitation - 1963 Oslo International - 1963 Tulsa Invitation - 1963 Bastad - 1963 Dallas Invitation - 1963 Saltsjoebaden - 1963 Fort Worth - 1963 Israel Autumn International Invitation - 1963 Dallas Indoor Invitation - 1963 Middle Atlantic Indoors - 1963 Wimbledon - 1962 US Open - 1962 Newport Casino Tournament - 1962 Sugar Bowl - 1962 US Clay Courts - 1962 Queens Club Tournament - 1962 Pacific Southwest Championships - 1962 US International Indoor Championships - 1962 River Oaks Tournament - 1962 West of England Championships - 1962 Conde de Godo - 1962 Buffalo Indoor - 1962 Tulsa Invitation - 1962 Dallas Invitation - 1962 Fort Worth - 1962 Tucson Racquet Club Invitation - 1962 Wimbledon - 1961 US Open - 1961 Eastern Grass Court Championships - 1961 US Clay Courts - 1961 Queens Club Tournament - 1961 Venezia (Venice International Tournament) - 1961 West of England Championships - 1961 Conde de Godo - 1961 Tulsa Invitation - 1961 Gstaad - 1961 Tuscaloosa Grass Court Invitation - 1961 Wimbledon - 1960 US Open - 1960 Victorian Championships - 1960 New South Wales Championships - 1960 Newport Casino Tournament - 1960 US Clay Courts - 1960 Queens Club Tournament - 1960 Pacific Southwest Championships - 1960 US International Indoor Championships - 1960 Atlanta Invitation Tournament - 1960 River Oaks Tournament - 1960 Kent Championships - 1960 Triple A - 1960 Wimbledon Plate (Consolation) - 1960 Buffalo Indoor - 1960 Pittsburgh Indoor - 1960 Tulsa Invitation - 1960 Bastad - 1960 Dallas Invitation - 1960 Tuscaloosa Grass Court Invitation - 1960 US Open - 1959 Newport Casino Tournament - 1959 Eastern Grass Court Championships - 1959 US Clay Courts - 1959 Queens Club Tournament - 1959 River Oaks Tournament - 1959 Perth Amboy Invitation - 1959 Pan American Championships - 1959 Pennsylvania Lawn Tennis Championship - 1959 Tulsa Invitation - 1959 US Open - 1958 Newport Casino Tournament - 1958 Eastern Grass Court Championships - 1958 Southern Championships - 1958 Tennessee Valley Invitation - 1958 River Oaks Tournament - 1958 Blue and Gray Invitation - 1958 Tulsa Invitation - 1958 Southwest Open - 1958 US Open - 1957 Western Indoor Championship - 1957 Triple A - 1957 Oklahoma State - 1957 Triple A - 1956

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